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30 Amazing Facts about Russia | interesting facts about russia

we all know very little about Russia, but after reading this awesome 30 amazing Russia facts article you will know very well about Russia. so start re

 30 Amazing Facts about Russia

we all know very little about Russia, but after reading this awesome 30 amazing Russia facts article you will know very well about Russia. so start reading and impress your friends and family.

1. Russia is a very big

Frankly, Russia is huge. It occupies an area of ​​17.13 million square kilometres in addition to the two continents Europe and Asia. 

This is larger than the famous former planet Pluto, which has an area of ​​only 16.7 million square kilometres. 

2. Red Square has nothing to do with communism

That's right, the famous Moscow Square doesn't get its name from political beliefs, but from its appearance. 

Russian was heavily influenced by Old Church Slavonic, the official language of Moscow until the end of the 17th century.

 When the Red Square (Красная площадь, Krasnaya ploshchad) was completed in the late 1800s, it was given the name Красный (Krasny), which means "red" in Old Slavic, which means "beautiful".

3. Russia changed there calendar in 1918

Most European countries abandoned the Julian calendar at the end of the 16th century. 

However, Russia eventually switched to the Gregorian calendar in February 1918. 

Today, this calendar is used to celebrate many holidays and celebrations. 

Apparently, using the Julian calendar, the Russian Empire was 12 days behind the 1908 London Olympics. 

4. The United States and Russia are only four kilometres apart

Despite spending much of the 20th century in ideological conflicts, Russia and the United States are separated by just four kilometres of water. 

There are actually two islands in the middle of the Bering Strait, Little Diomede and Big Diomede. 

Little Diomede belongs to the United States and Big Diomede (Остров Ратманова, Ostrov Ratmanova) belongs to Russia. 

The islands are located on both sides of the International border Line. This means that the Great Diomede is about a day closer.

5. Yuri Gagarin was the first Russian to reach space

Famous Cosmonauts Yuri Gagarin reach space in 1961.

wait!  If you don't know the difference between an astronaut and a Cosmonaut? 

don't worry. we tell you, Cosmonauts are trained by the Russian Space Agency and astronauts are trained by NASA, the European Space Agency, the Canadian Space Agency or the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency. and Indian space research organization.

6. There are many trees in Russia

One-fifth of the trees in the world are found in Russia. That's means 20% of the world tree located in Russia.

total 643 billion trees, more than any other country. 

About 45% of the country is covered with trees, mostly in the Russian boreal forest, or taiga. 

These densely wooded areas, once completely covered by glaciers, are now home to brave species such as the Siberian leopard, wild boar, eagle and owl. 

Unfortunately, these forests are threatened by deforestation and fires, so organizations like WWF and Greenpeace are doing their best to protect them.

7. Russia have lots of fresh water

Siberia has Lake Baikal. Not only is this lake considered the deepest lake in the world, but it also contains around 20% of the world's fresh water. 

Since you are in this cold region of Russia, the lake freezes regularly during the winter months. 

That is, you can go through the lake. But make sure you have the proper permits and go with an experienced guide. 

8. St. Petersburg has a great underground

If you live in one of Russia's two largest cities, St. Petersburg or Moscow, you definitely use the metro. 

However, these subway systems are built underground, so be prepared to spend a lot of time on the escalators. 

For example, St. Petersburg's Admiraltyskaya Station (Admiraltyskaya) has four of the world's tallest escalators at 225.07 feet (68.6 meters). It takes about two and a half minutes to go from top to bottom. 

9. Russia has many languages

Of course, the most popular is Russian. 

However, according to the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the Russian population speaks at least 270 languages ​​and dialects. 

Whether this number is correct or not, there are certainly many languages ​​spoken in Russia. 

These include major foreign languages ​​such as German and English and native Russian languages ​​such as Tatar, Chuvash, Karelian, and Chechen. 

There are also many endangered languages ​​such as Votic and Ghodoberi. 

10. The St. Petersburg clock marks the moment when Russia became a Communist.

The symbolic clock of the winter palace in the city stopped at 02:10 on 26 October 1917. 

However, in 2017, the Hermitage Museum (currently in the winter building) held an official ceremony to restart the clock. But the Hermitage Museum has not only Russian art, history and clocks.

11. About 70 cats live in the Hermitage.

According to legends, the cat was invited by Empress Elizabeth in 1745. 

The cats are cared for by museum staff, but there is now a website for potential parents to adopt Hermitage cats. 

You don't have to live in a former mansion to get a pet in Russia. 

12. apparently one of them is a clairvoyant.

Whether or not you take this as a "fact" about Russia, it sure is interesting. 

Achilles, one of the cats of the Hermitage, seems to be able to predict the outcome of football matches. 

His divination was first demonstrated at the CAF Confederation Cup 2017. 

At the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia, Achilles correctly predicted the winners of the first four games by choosing between two bowls with the team's flag.

13. Stalin is more popular than ever

According to the Moscow Times, about 70% of Russians agree with the role of former Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in Russian history. 

This has increased in recent years, possibly due to several factors. 

For example, some see Stalin as a mythical figure, while others claim that the current Russian government glorifies the Soviet past and ignores human suffering. 

14. Russia is home to the only Buddhist region in Europe.

The Republic of Kalmykia in southwestern Russia is inhabited by the Kalmyks, a former nomadic group who migrated to the region from Asia. 

Stalin ordered that they be deported to Siberia, but after Stalin's death, they were allowed to return home. 

Since the 1990s, the republic has had beautiful temples, religious shrines and Buddhist rituals. 

15. the Kalmykia capital is an entire suburb devoted to chess.

The capital of Kalmykia, on the outskirts of Elista, is the city of chess. 

It was built in 1998 by the former president of the republic, Kirsan Ilyumzinov, to host the 33rd chess Olympiad. 

There is a chess museum, a giant chess board and a Buddhist museum. 

Today most of it is empty and many consider it an illegal use of funds.

16. Most Russians live in Europe.

The Ural Mountains divide European Russia between the west and Asian Russia in the east. 

However, the latter makes up 77% of the total land area of ​​the Russian country, but less than a quarter of the Russian population lives there. 

There are several reasons for this, including historical, geopolitical, meteorological and cultural.

17. Russia is a major producer of fossil fuels.

If you live in the European Union, you've probably used electricity from a Russian gas pipeline at some point. 

Russia supplies 27% of the EU's crude oil imports, 

41% of natural gas and 47% of solid fuels (such as coal). 

Russia, the world's third-largest oil producer, hasn't even made renewable energy a top priority.

18. Lake Karachay is said to be the most polluted place on Earth.

Lake Karachay in the Southern Urals is one of the most polluted places in the world. 

Apparently, radioactive waste, including weapons and contamination from the nearby Mayak nuclear power plant, was dumped here in the 1950s. 

If you are thinking of visiting, don't. 

Radiation from the lake can kill you within an hour. 

19. Russian has the largest collection in the world of objects related to squirrels.

In 2013, Pavel Gerasimov had 1,103 articles related to squirrels. 

It may have increased since the last count. 

Moscow squirrels have squirrel figurines of all shapes and sizes, including gold and 19th century. 

It's funny that it has the same name as an Olympic pole vault.

20. Russians don't drink much more alcohol.

According to WHO statistics, Russia is associated with vodka, but other countries drink more of it. 

Also, according to recent data, Russians drink less than before. 

In fact, the country currently ranks 33rd in the world for alcohol consumption per capita. 

This is lower than many of its European neighbours such as Germany, France and the UK.

 21. Russia love to drink tea.

Russia is in fifth place in the world with the amount of tea consumed per person. 

Tea first arrived in Russia in the 17th century, but in Europe, it took ten times more than a year to transport it from Moscow to Berlin. 

Tea is so cheap In Russia. they usually offer you tea with crackers. Also, don't be surprised if your host offers honey or jam to sweeten your tea - it's delicious!

22.  Russian women live 10 years longer than Russian men

Russian women have an average life expectancy of 78 years, while Russian men have an average life expectancy of 68 years.

 However, this gap has gradually narrowed over the past decade. 

In 2009, Russian women should have lived 12 years longer than men. 

This could be due to the aforementioned alcohol consumption.

 Men drink an average of 18 litres of alcohol per year, while women only consume 4 litres.

23. Russia has the longest railway in the world.

Yes, the famous Trans-Siberian. 

Its length is 9,288 km, more than double the second longest from Toronto to Vancouver, Canada. 

The journey from Moscow to Vladivostok takes about 6 days and passes through the Urals and many forests. 

You'll also pass the record-breaking Lake Baikal, so have your cameras ready for that part of the journey.

24. Peter the Great imposed a beard tax

If you wanted to grow a beard in Russia in the early 18th century, you had to pay. 

No unruly beard unless you pay a kopeck or a few hundred rubles if you're a noble. 

Peter the Great came up with the idea during his travels in Europe. 

He loved European fashion so much that he decided to "Europeanise" the Russian aesthetic. 

Unfortunately, this update did not go along well with the Orthodox Church, which considered facial hair a sign of pity.

25. Volgograd has the tallest statue of a woman.

Call of the Motherland (Родина - мать зовёт !, Rodina-mat zovyot!) Is located 85 meters high on Mamayev Kurgan Hill in Volgograd. 

With his terrifying expression and terrifying sword, he was overwhelmingly present in the city. 

The statue was completed in 1967 and was the tallest statue in the world when it was completed. 

Originally built to commemorate the Battle of Stalingrad (formerly known as Volgograd), it has undergone several repairs over the years to keep all 8,000 tons afloat.

26. Russia has a very long river Volga

Volgograd has another record holder. The Volga River.

 which flows from the Valdai hills of Volgo-Firiovi to the Caspian Sea, and has a length of 3,690 km. 

This makes it the longest river in Europe.

 However, despite being the longest river in Europe, the Volga is not the longest river in Russia. 

This honour goes to the Lena River, the length of which is 4,294 kilometres and flows from the Baikal Mountains to the Arctic Ocean. 

If you consider the Ob-Irtysh river system as a single river, it is much longer at 5410 kilometres.

27. The coldest area in Russia.

In Oymyakon, in the Sakha Republic, the average winter temperature is -50 ° C. 

It is not only cold but also far away. 

Closer to the Arctic Circle than the nearest city, Yakutsk, the capital of Sakha, is a two-day trip. 

The lowest temperature was recorded in 1924  -71.2 ° C. 

28. Lake Onega has an island full of wooden churches.

Located in the middle of Lake Onega in the Republic of Karelia in northwestern Russia, the island of Kizhi is home to many wooden churches built without a single nail. 

These buildings have clearly been built over a long period of time, the first being built in 1390 and the last in 1874. 

The site is now Kizhi Pogost, an open-air museum and church complex, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 

No wonder the architecture is a masterpiece, with several elegant domes rising from the church's tall wooden spiers.

29. You can visit Lenin

We haven't put together a photo of Russia with this fact, and maybe that's for the best. 

But if you want to visit Vladimir Lenin, the former president of the Soviet Union, you can visit Lenin's Mausoleum in Red Square. 

The decades-long conservation process of his body was mainly funded by the Soviet Union and later the Russian government.

30. Welcome to Russia

Russia may not seem like an obvious destination for expats. Indeed, there are many challenges, from bad weather to the often tense political climate. 

However, many expats living in Russia appreciate unparalleled warmth and generosity from the people there, especially when learning Russian.

You will have friends who will help you, ask for tea or toast your birthday party with you.

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