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40 amazing facts about india

India is on many travellers' bucket lists and why! Diverse landscapes, colourful festivals and spicy food are reasons enough to pack your bags for a visit to Mumbai or Varanasi. Whether you've travelled to India before or are just curious about the country, here are 40 interesting facts about India that will blow your mind. 

1. Cows are considered sacred

If hamburgers are a regular part of your diet, you may need to make some changes before your trip to India! Cows are protected by the provisions of the constitution and killing cows is a crime. Even on busy city streets, cows are free to roam where they want without fear of human harassment.

2. India is the most densely populated place on earth

The Meghalaya village holds the Guinness World Record for the wettest place on earth with an annual rainfall of approximately 11,873 millilitres. The rainy season lasts six months.

3. India has more than 300,000 mosques and more than 2 million Hindu temples

Marvel at all the amazing architecture India has to offer. About 15% of India's population is Muslim. Mosques across the country range from small rural buildings to prestigious buildings such as the Mecca Masjid in Hyderabad or the Jama Masjid in New Delhi. The same can be said about Hindu temples in India, which number more than two million people, serving 79.8% of India's Hindu population. There are 23,000 temples in the holy city of Varanasi alone. India can be called a land of temples!

4. Chenab Bridge is the highest railway bridge in the world

Not all famous Indian monuments are religious. The Jeu Bridge on the Chenab River in Jammu is 1,178 feet above the water. If you are afraid of heights, you can skip this one!

5. There is a rat temple in Rajasthan

The animal wonders of India continue. Although rats are not the first species to be worshipped, Rajasthan has a temple dedicated to rats. Thousands of rats call this temple their home, and this has made it one of the most unique sights in the country. Many pilgrims visit the temple every year for their religious pilgrimages, so local customs must be observed while visiting.

6. You can drive on the highest highway in the world

The Ladakh Trail is the highest road in the world at an altitude of over 19,300 feet. Be sure to pack a warm jacket before you head out on this special adventure!

7. Home of the Mysterious Skeleton Lake

Roopkund Lake, situated in the Himalayas at an altitude of about 16,470 feet, is famous for the human skeletons found in and around the lake. The remains are believed to be the skeletons of people who died in a violent hailstorm that dates back to the 9th century. 

8. Popular Snakes and Ladders game launched in India

This board game, now sold around the world (sometimes adapted to Chats and Ladders), has its roots in India. It was originally created to teach morality and lessons about karma that young children could understand and remember.

9. India was the first country to mine diamonds

For about 1,000 years, beginning in the 4th century BC, India was the world's only source of diamonds. The original diamond was discovered in the Krishna River Delta. In the 18th century, more diamond deposits were discovered in Brazil, and soon in South Africa, which increased the diamond market.

10. Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world and is not a true polytheism

Hinduism is considered the oldest religion in the world, with documents dating back to 5500 BC.No one is known as the founder of Hinduism and no one cares to know who started Hinduism because Hinduism is a way of life. Today, Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world, serving more than 1 billion people. Hinduism is not pure polytheism as far as gods are concerned. Hindus believe in the one God Brahma, who manifests in thousands of gods. Along with the main deity Brahma, two other deities form the Trimurti. Brahma is the creator of the universe, Vishnu is the protector of the universe, and Shiva destroys the universe to create it again. Every Hindu has to decide which god to worship. Here is another interesting fact about Hinduism. 108 is a very sacred number for Hindus. It is the ratio of the distance of the Sun from the Earth to the diameter of the Sun, as well as the ratio of the distance of the Moon from the Earth to the diameter of the Moon. 

11. There are 22 recognized languages ​​in India

Santali, Kashmiri, Bengali, Tamil and Urdu are among the many languages ​​spoken across India. However, the official languages ​​are English and Hindi. India also has the second largest English-speaking population in the world (the United States being the first), as most Indians are fluent in their regional language as well as English. Sanskrit is considered the oldest language in the world, "the mother of all languages". Every Hindu book is written in Sanskrit, and Sanskrit is considered the language of God.

12. The second most populous country in the world

After China, India is home to approximately 1.37 billion people, and this number is constantly growing. According to estimates, by 2050 India will surpass China and become the most populated country in the world.

13. Most Indians only eat their fingers

In India, you often eat your fingers, including rice, sauce, meat and vegetables. Some claim that you have to eat a container with your own hands to enjoy the true Indian work! Don't be afraid to use a fork and spoon when you are in India. Try your finger food and see how locals do. 

14. A village without locks and doors can be the safest village on earth

The village of Shani Shingnapur is known for having no doors or locks in the house. Furthermore, no crime was recorded for almost 400 years. Many believe that shared vulnerability fostered trust among residents, creating a more secure defence than closed or heavy gates. 

15. "Indian food" has become one of the most popular dishes in the world

From London to New York, Indian cuisine is gaining popularity around the world. Many people claim that the real taste and spices are missing in many restaurants outside India.

16. India has a large number of vegetarians

About 15-30% of India's population follows a strict vegetarian diet, with many consuming only fish and no land animals. Vegetarianism is so widespread that even Western food chains such as KFC offer vegetarian menus to restaurants. 

17. There are many holidays

India recorded 26 public holidays in 2019, including Independence Day, Diwali, Holi and Christmas. The diversity of holidays comes from the diverse cultural groups that have mixed with the Indian population, resulting in many holidays and festivals.

18. Holi is more than a festival of colourful powders

Holi, also known as the Festival of Colors, is a popular Hindu spring festival celebrated throughout India and Nepal. The name Holi comes from Holika, the sister of the demon Hiranyakashiap, and symbolizes the victory of good over evil. In addition, the end of winter welcomes spring. While the festival is best known for its colourful powders, water is a big part of the event as many use water balloons to engage in water fights with family and friends. Apart from being a national festival in India, Holi is celebrated by Hindus all over the world.

19. The world's largest sundial is located in India

The city of Jaipur is home to the world's largest sundial at 27 meters (90 feet) tall! If that's not impressive enough, the sundial is crafted from beautiful polished stone to create a stunning piece of architecture. The sundial is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Every year it attracts thousands of visitors who come to watch the shadow move at a speed of six centimetres per minute.

20 The Taj Mahal is slowly changing colour

Perhaps the most iconic symbol of India, the majestic white walls of the Taj Mahal are something that almost every traveller dreams of seeing. However, due to pollution and impurities in the air, the marble walls slowly turn from white to yellow. 

21. During the Second World War, the Taj Mahal was transformed into a set of bamboo

Despite the change in colour, the Taj Mahal remains one of the most popular and important historical monuments of the country. To protect the building during World War II, the entire palace was covered with bamboo scaffolding, which completely hid the actual structure from the bombers flying above. This ruse worked because the Taj Mahal was not attacked during the war.

 22. In some parts of India, Coca-Cola and Pepsi are used as pesticides

In the Indian state of Chhattisgarh, one of the world's largest rice-producing regions, farmers began spraying their fields with Coca-Cola and Pepsi because it was cheaper and seemed to work better than traditional pesticides. Taking a closer look at the method, the sweet syrups attract ants to the field, which are thought to eat the eggs and larvae of insects that normally destroy crops.

23. North Sentinel Island is one of the last "clean" places on Earth

The Indian government has banned people from entering an area within three miles of North Sentinel Island, where the Sentinels live. In 1991, anthropologist Madhumala Chattopadhyay held several peaceful meetings with the guards, but in the following years, people made it clear (sometimes violently) that they did not want to be disturbed. Nowadays, it is considered one of the last untouched places of the outside world.

24. The Kumbh Mela can be seen from space

The Kumbh Mela is an important festival and place of pilgrimage and is also the largest gathering on earth. Although the celebration takes place every year, a more important festival takes place every four and twelve years. The number of people participating in this festival is so great that the crowd can be seen in satellite photos taken from space.

25. India has one of the lowest divorce rates in the world

Statistically, the divorce rate in India is one in every 100 marriages, which is much lower than in most countries. This may be due to cultural customs and arranged marriages in India.

26. Frogs are married

Speaking of marriage, frogs get married in India! Well, at least in Varanasi. Varanasi has returned to its old traditional beliefs and rituals, so when the rains come late, frogs are caught there and married to each other to please the rain gods.

 27. The Hindu calendar has six seasons

Instead of the conventional four-season cycle recognized by most countries, India follows a six-season calendar that distinguishes between spring, summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and winter. 

28. Varanasi is the oldest preserved city in the world

Few countries in the world claim the status of the oldest city in the world, and India is no exception. The holy city of Varanasi or Varanasi or Kashi is believed to be one of the oldest cities in the world. In fact, that place was probably once the abode of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. As Mark Twain said, Varanasi is "older than history, older than tradition, older than legend, and twice as old as all of them put together."The association of the city with eternity does not end there, because it is believed that the one who takes his last breath here really receives salvation. That is why many devout Hindus visit Varanasi to spend their last days on earth. At the same time, many devotees visit the city throughout the year to experience its divinity.

29. Origin of Ayurveda and Yoga

Apart from being the holiest city in India, Varanasi is also known as the birthplace of Ayurveda and Yoga and their ancient healing systems.

30 India is divided into 29 states and 8 union territories

Many foreigners do not understand that India is divided into states. Some of these states like Assam, Kashmir and Goa are easily known for their products like Assam tea, Kashmir silk or popular tourist destinations in Goa. 

31. Tea is the national drink of India

It's no secret that Indians love tea. This drink is served during the day and in every family with meals. After China, India is the second largest producer of tea in the world.

32. 70% of the world's spices are produced in India

India is the largest producer of spices, which are shipped across continents to restaurants and kitchens around the world. Turmeric, cumin, saffron and red pepper powder are some of the most popular spices. 

33. Currently, the tallest statue in the world is in India

At 600 feet (182 meters) tall, the Statue of Unity is currently the tallest statue in the world. The statue is a tribute to independence leader Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and is located in the western part of Gujarat, where Patel was born. For comparison, this statue is almost twice as tall as the Statue of Liberty (305 feet or 93 meters). It consists of more than 12,000 bronze panels and weighs about 67,000 tons.

34. Thousands of people get free food at the Golden Temple in Amritsar

The Golden Temple of Amritsar is one of India's most stunning architectural landmarks, but it is also a place of generosity and compassion. This Sikh temple is open to all religions. Every day, a simple vegetarian meal is often served to more than fifty thousand people. What is more interesting, almost all things are donated. 

35. India was the first country to consume refined sugar

If you have a sweet tooth, you have India to thank. India was the first country to extract, refine and use sugar in cooking - once people tasted this delicacy, sugar production quickly spread throughout the world.

36. The homeland of shampoo in India

The word "shampoo" comes from the Sanskrit word "samba", which means "massage". The first forms of shampoo were herbs mixed with water. The idea of ​​producing commercial bottles remained until the end. 

37. India is famous for its iconic step wells

India's neglected terraces, known as Mauj in Gujarat and Paulis (or Paris) elsewhere in northern India, are an important part of its history and architecture. Although little is known about them, they probably appeared mainly between the 2nd and 4th centuries AD. to supply water from the country's deep underground aquifers – especially in the hot and dry states of northern India. In addition to their primary use, they were often used to shade temples, community centres, and trade routes. One of the most amazing wells is the Rani Ki Vav (Queen's Well), which is undoubtedly the most amazing well in India. It's crazy to think that this UNESCO World Heritage Site has just been discovered. 

38. The steel roof grasses of Bandra Worli can be stretched across the globe

The incredible Bandra Worli Roof Bridge, completed in 2010, required 90,000 tonnes of cement. To hold it up, massive steel cables were placed on the bridge, each of which can withstand 900 tons. If they were placed close, the cables could go around the whole world.

39. Gandhi is one of the most popular symbols of India

Revered around the world for his philosophy of non-violent resistance, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was known to many of his disciples as the Mahatma or "Great Soul".He is usually called "Babu" which means father. In the years after World War I, he became one of the leading figures in India's struggle for independence from Great Britain. After the partition in 1947, he continued to work for peace between Hindus and Muslims until his death, when he was shot by a Hindu fundamentalist in Delhi in January 1948. All Indian rupees printed since 1996 feature Gandhi's face.

40. India has a floating post office

Apart from having the largest postal network in the world, India also has unique post offices, including floating post offices. Located on Dal Lake in Srinagar, this post office is a tourist attraction for visitors who want to take pictures of this unique place. Believe me, Srinagar is one of the most beautiful places in India! These amazing facts about India are just the tip of the iceberg. This country has many surprises for travellers! There's nothing like a real experience, so if these interesting facts about India pique your interest, prepare your mind when you travel there in person!

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